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Volume 11, Number 1, January-April 2020

EDITORIAL

Editorial

[Year:2020] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:00 - 00]

   DOI: 10.5005/jnt-11-1-iv  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

Cardiovascular System

[Year:2020] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:00 - 00]

   DOI: 10.5005/JNT-11-1-000  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

P Helen, Kalyani

Clinical Learning Environment among Nursing Students

[Year:2020] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:1 - 4]

Keywords: Clinical learning environment, Level of satisfaction, Nursing students

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journal-10086-0001  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The nursing students\' satisfaction is considered as a prime factor in assessing the clinical learning environment. A nonexperimental descriptive research study was conducted with the aim of assessing the level of satisfaction of the clinical learning environment (CLE) among nursing students at selected settings. An enumerative sampling technique was adopted and selected 168 who met the inclusion criteria. The ethical committee approval was obtained from the institution. All respondents were carefully informed about the purpose of the study and their part during the study and how the privacy was guarded. The tool comprised of background variables and structured clinical learning environment inventory is developed by the researcher. The finding showed that the students had moderate level of satisfaction in all the dimensions of clinical learning environment. There was a positive relationship between the level of satisfaction and clinical training and procedure completion (r = 0.7, p < 0001) and learning experience of the students (r = 0.73, p < 0.000).

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ramasamy K Rathi, Ramanathan Revathi

Pattern of Comorbidities and its Risk Factors among Patients with Cancer

[Year:2020] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:5 - 7]

Keywords: Cancer, Comorbidities, Risk factors

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-0002  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Comorbidities and risk factors have been indicated to influence cancer care and outcome, with strong associations between the presence of comorbidities and patient survival. The objective of this study was to determine the pattern of comorbidities and risk factors among cancer patients. The study also intends to note any unrelated causes that people commonly associate with cancer that deviate their attention from true ones. Retrospective study design was used; data were collected from the patients who were diagnosed to have cancer and receiving chemotherapy in oncology ward. A total of 150 samples were selected for the study by convenient sampling technique. Among them, 88 patients were (58.7%) females and 62 (41.3%), males. Gastrointestinal tract cancer (19.3%), breast cancer (18.6%), and head and neck cancer (14.6%) are the cancers occurred most frequently. Comorbidities were present in all patients, with the most common being hypertension (37.3%), tuberculosis (22.6%), and diabetes mellitus (14.7%). Comorbidities occur significantly in cancer patients and influence the prognosis, treatment outcome, and survival rates of these patients. There is a need to routinely evaluate cancer patients for comorbidities and risk factors with the aim of instituting appropriate multidisciplinary management measures where necessary.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

C Susila, J Anitha, G Dhanalakshmi

Effectiveness of Self-defense Training Program (SDTP) Regarding Self-protection among Nursing Students

[Year:2020] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:8 - 9]

Keywords: Defense training program, Knowledge, Nursing students, Self-protection

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-0003  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The status of women in India has been subjected to many great changes over the past few millennia. Although the status of women has brought desirable changes in their status, self-protection (SP) for them is poor. According to a report by Thompson Reuters (2016), India is ranked as the fourth dangerous country in the world for women, and India was also noted as the worst country for women among the G20 countries. Considering the burden, the investigators have taken a small step to create awareness on self-protection among student nurses. The objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of self-defense training program. A pre-experimental one-group pretest and posttest design was adopted by the present study. The study was conducted at Billroth College of Nursing, Chennai. The sample size was 30. A structured knowledge questionnaire on self-protection that consists of 30 items was used to identify the knowledge on self-protection. The analysis revealed that the level of knowledge on self-protection in pretest 20 (74%) had a poor knowledge, 8 (26%) had a moderate knowledge, none of them had a good knowledge; but in posttest, none of them had a poor knowledge, 10 (33%) had a moderate knowledge, and 20 (67%) had a good knowledge. The findings revealed that in pretest, mean score was 37.7 with standard deviation (SD) of 10.59, but in posttest, mean score was 91.2 with the SD of 10.56. The t value was t = 11.104 that showed a significance at the level of p < 0.05.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Lakshmanan Jayanthy

Aural Rehabilitation among Clients with Hearing Loss

[Year:2020] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:10 - 11]

Keywords: Aural rehabilitation, Hearing loss, Self-instructional module

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-0004  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Hearing loss is insidious in its presentation but devastating in its personal, family, and social impact. The sense of hearing is a means of communication for human beings and helps them keep in touch with reality. Hearing impairment can hinder the communication with others and diminishes the individual\'s aesthetic enjoyment of major aspects of daily living and can adversely affect the quality of life. A quasiexperimental pre- and posttest control group design was chosen for this study. By using nonprobability purposive sampling technique, 60 samples were selected in which 30 samples were assigned to experimental and 30 to the control groups. The findings show that in the experimental group, the posttest mean score of knowledge was 20.9 with standard deviation (SD) 2.07, whereas in the control group, the posttest mean score was 6.87 with SD 1.69. The calculated “t” test value t = 28.689 was found to be statistically significant at p < 0.001 level that clearly shows that the self-instructional module on knowledge of aural rehabilitation was effective.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sudha Radhakrishnan, Prema Janardan

Bioethical Principles Adhered in Conduction of Research as Reported in Research Studies Published in Selected Nursing Journals

[Year:2020] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:12 - 14]

Keywords: Autonomy, Beneficence, Bioethics, Informed consent, Institutional Review Board, Justice

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-0007  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Nursing research involves human participants which raises unique and complex ethical issues. Research mandates certain ethical principles to be followed in the conduction of research while human participants are involved. This systematic review was conducted with the aim to explore the bioethical principles adhered in conduction of research as reported in research studies published in selected nursing journals. A total of 109 research articles published in 30 national and international journals published in the year 2018 were reviewed for the report of the bioethical considerations adhered. The articles were reviewed using a checklist. The findings of the study showed that out of 109 articles, 103 articles were about empirical research and six articles were systematic review. Sixty-one (56%) articles were from national journals and 48 (44%) articles were from international journals. Sixty-one (56%) articles were from biannual journals and 27 (24.8%) articles were from quarterly journals. All journals selected were peer reviewed, indexed, published both as print and online, and had an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN). Forty eight (44%) articles selected were from the journals having an impact factor. Informed consent was reported in 28 (25.7%) articles and written consent was reported in 15 (13.8%) articles. Assent was reported in 3 (2.8%) articles. Institutional review board (IRB) permission was reported in 35 (32.1%) articles and ethical committee approval was reported in 12 (11%) articles. Setting permission was reported in 32 (29.4%) articles. There was a statistically significant association found between the origin (national vs international) of the journal and the report of bioethical principles at 0.05 level of significance. There was a statistically significant association found between the journal with impact factor and the report of bioethical principles at 0.05 level of significance.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Anitha S Sundaram

Nursing Tools and Strategies to assess Neurological Function

[Year:2020] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:15 - 19]

Keywords: Neurological examination, CNS assessment, Reflexes

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-0005  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

It is highly required to know about appropriate neurological assessment in bedside nursing. Neurological examination is one of the basic and common procedure for all Nursing students as per the syllabus. This neurological examination format will assist all the undergraduate student nurses to complete the neurological assessment and to find the abnormalities in an accurate manner.

REVIEW ARTICLE

G Asha Rani, Fabiola M Dhanaraj

Othello Syndrome

[Year:2020] [Month:January-April] [Volume:11] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:20 - 21]

Keywords: Case, Delusion of jealousy, Male, Psychological disorder, 45 year

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10086-0006  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Othello syndrome is a psychological disorder where either the husband or the wife is preoccupied with the thought that the partner is being unfaithful without having any real proof and manifests with a delusional jealousy. This case study is that of a 45-year-old man who has this problem and presented to the hospital. A complete detailed history of the patient is important. The line of management is antipsychotic drugs and psychological and social therapies.

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